What Is WHIP in Baseball ? Basics and Importance of Whip in Baseball

Suppose you’re watching an MLB game on TV, and a new pitcher steps to the field; you’ll likely see “WHIP” pop up as a statistic. What is a whip? What does it have to have to do with baseball?

Even if you’re not watching the Major League Baseball game but engaging in your own fantasy baseball, you’ve surely been exposed to the statistic “WHIP.” But what exactly is WHIP? What is WHIP in Baseball?

What Is WHIP in Baseball?

The term WHIP means “walks and hits per innings pitched,” which measures the amount of walks and hits a pitcher gives up on average per inning pitched. The statistic measures how often pitchers give up baserunners on their own accord.

This stat is used to gauge the performance of a pitcher. It is, in essence, the number of base runners that a pitcher “loses” to in an innings. In this instance, “loss” is determined when baserunners score runs before reaching the base.

Although WHIP is well-known, it’s one of the statistics that tends to get a lower priority over traditional statistics. However, like other baseball terms, there’s plenty more to learn about this acronym with four letters.

As we mentioned earlier, WHIP is a statistic that is used to measure the number of walks and hits per inning pitched. WHIP makes it possible to determine how a pitcher is performing. In general, you’ll see the WHIP in three decimal points. It is a measurement that is important to know as a baseball enthusiast or fan.

What Is a Pitcher’s WHIP?

The most important purpose of a pitcher is to stop the opposing team from scoring any runs. Naturally, in order to gain runs, the opposing team needs batters in order to make it to base, and stopping baserunners can lead to fewer runs.

The pitcher’s WHIP, also known as hit and walks per inning pitched, is a ratioed stat (or rate statistic) that measures the number of base runners that a pitcher is able to allow per inning based on the two main ways batters get to the base: walks and hits.

Because the statistic doesn’t take into account batters who reach through a hit-by-pitch method, WHIP is not a precise measure of how many baserunners per inning that a pitcher allows (assuming that a pitcher hits the ball at least once during an entire season).

Also, it does not take into account mistakes since they are made by defense personnel and do not directly show the pitching abilities of a pitcher.

There’s a second statistic known as baserunners Per Nine Innings (MB/9) that does take into account hits-by-pitches in addition to walks and hits. Thus, a pitcher’s MB/9 looks like his WHIP; however, it is slightly different in many instances.

The problem is that MB/9 is hardly used in the mainstream and, therefore, is relatively obscure and seems like an insignificant stat, with WHIP being the most prominent.

How Do You Calculate WHIP in Baseball?

With regard to some of the more recent baseball statistics, WHIP is the most simple and easy to calculate and doesn’t require complicated formulas or numbers that are difficult to locate. The formula is pretty much as it appears in the definition, as it is a reference to the number of hits and walks per innings pitched.

Again, WHIP = Walks + Hits / Innings Pitched. Basically, you take the total number of walks and hits that a pitcher allowed for the entire season and divide it by the total number of innings pitched. Thus, the greater the number, the more bad the pitcher is believed to be compared to the other way around.

For instance, if the pitcher had 20 walks and 50 hits in 50 innings, you’ll first add 20 and 50 to arrive at 70. You will then divide that number by 50 to arrive at the final WHIP of 1.4.

To assist in calculating the WHIP, all of the components required to calculate the statistic are easily accessible from the baseball card’s back, almost every website that tracks statistics, and even by reading box scores.

The WHIP can be more volatile than other rate statistics, meaning that the standard that constitutes a great and bad WHIP changes less yearly. Typically, an average WHIP is 1.30. A good WHIP falls under 1.10, while an excellent WHIP falls below 1. A WHIP of more than 1.50 is generally regarded as poor.

While they’re not directly related generally, a pitcher with an impressive WHIP will also have a high ERA. If you look at the leaderboards for the WHIP and ERA in 2019, eight of 10 pitchers with the highest ERA in the majors made the list of top 10 for the WHIP.

In both 2017 and 2018, seven pitchers were on both top 10 lists.

In addition, the top 10 pitchers who had the highest ERAs for the Major Leagues of 2019, 6 of them were also among the 10 highest WHIPs in the league.

What Is A Good Whip Baseball?

An excellent pitching stat to determine a pitcher’s strengths is the WHIP. A WHIP that is lower than 1.00 indicates dominance, whereas a WHIP between 1.00-1.50 is considered to be average or above average performance in MLB present.

Good WHIPs should be around 1.00, but they can be higher in the event that the pitcher struggles with control or walks too many batters. A high WHIP can indicate poor pitching performance and pitching performance and a problem with the mechanics or command that requires attention from coaches and players.

The strength of a pitcher is measured using the WHIP. It is “Weighted Hits Per Innings Pitched.” A low WHIP is a sign of superiority in the pitching department and indicates good performance. It’s essential to keep an impressive WHIP since it indicates control over the game, which makes your team more effective in general.

WHIP is an Excellent Stat To Judge Pitching Strength

A good whip is an excellent stat to judge a pitcher’s strength. It shows control of the ball while also showing it gives batters no chance to strike the ball hard. Using a whip in your scouting report is possible if you observe pitchers during games or in the video.

If you’re looking for pitching talent, look for pitchers with powerful WHIPs; stats such as WHIP can be a great indicator of a pitcher’s general skillset. Don’t forget them in deciding whom to draft or trade next season.

A WHIP Below 1.00 Shows Dominance

A WHIP lower than 1.00 is a sign of dominance in pitching and could help teams beat opponents. To create a powerful whip, you should aim for a speed between 80 and 85 mph, with good motion around the ball.

Make sure your pitches are down and away from hitters, giving them less opportunity to hit it properly even when you’re not ahead on the count. Make sure you practice regularly to increase your WHIP every game, whether it’s practice or during play-offs.

Read also: How Much Does a Baseball Weigh in Kilogram, Grams, Oz and Pounds?

This skill is vital for pitchers who wish to take on their opponents in the game.

Good WHIPs Are Around 1.00

A good WHIP will assist a pitcher to win more games because it decreases the amount of runs per game.

To achieve an excellent WHIP, pitchers must control their pitches and keep batters off balance throughout. 

A good WHIP won’t ensure an ace on the mound; other factors like pitcher’s skills and team defense are also important in determining if one wins games.

High WHIPS Show Poor Performance

Certain balls come with dimples that increase air pressure upon hitting; some are smooth and don’t have these characteristics. Be sure to choose a ball that is heavy enough to prevent it from flying off your hands easily or deflating rapidly on contact surfaces such as dirt or grass fields. This is crucial when playing in the field or at pitcher positions.

To ensure optimal performance, you must play with a brand new baseball before playing in a real game to ensure it is swinging and pitches precisely as you intended.

What Is the Average Baseball WHIP?

WHIPs are a metric used to determine how effectively the pitcher can stop base runners from batting against them. A WHIP lower than 1 means that the pitcher is allowing very few hits in an inning, and a WHIP above 1 means that they allow more hits than the average. Top pitchers usually have whips that are less than 1.10 and ERAs that are close to 3. 

Poor whips are frequently associated with lower ERAs, and lowering your WHIP can assist in improving your pitching performance.

What is a Good ERA and WHIP in Baseball?

ERA (earned run average) and WHIP (walks and hits per inning pitched) are two vital metrics for pitchers in baseball. They are used to determine the frequency at which an individual pitcher will allow runs and also the number of batters he walks or knocks out.

A decent ERA is between 3.00-3.50, and a good WHIP falls below 1.30.

  • An ERA is a measure that determines the number of earned runs a pitcher allows in the course of an entire game. This is measured by dividing the amount of earned runs allowed by the total amount of innings pitched.
  • It is a method of determining the extent to which a pitcher manages his walks and hits based on the amount of innings pitched. The calculation is done by dividing the number of walks and hits allowed by the total amount of innings pitched.
  • A great ERA in baseball generally is between 2-3, while a good WHIP is usually below 1.30, but some pitchers can manage smaller figures (below 1) if they have limited base runners or permit fewer hits than the opposition.
  • A pitcher with an ERA less than 3 would be considered excellent, whereas those with an ERA over 5 are considered outstanding. 

What is the Importance of WHIP in Baseball?

The WHIP statistic is one to track while watching baseball. A lower WHIP is a sign of more efficient pitching, which is the goal of every pitcher. It’s much easier to increase your own WHIP than ERA, so pitchers should try to achieve an optimum WHIP.

Read also: What Is MVR in Baseball Scoreboard?

A variety of factors can affect the pitcher’s success or failure in making it possible for batters to make it to base, but keeping a very low WHIP can be essential to achieve the success you want to achieve overall. There is a wealth of facts and statistics available regarding baseball, so ensure that you’re keeping up with whippings by tracking yours on the scoreboard.

Who has the lowest WHIP in MLB history?

There are some pitchers who have the lowest WHIPs throughout MLB history. They keep their teams on the field by not giving away many hits or walks.

Pedro Martinez – 0.7373

Pedro Martinez is the all-time leading player in WHIP (walks and hits per innings pitched). He was able to keep his team in games with a low WHIP over his career. This is a remarkable achievement.

Addie Joss – 0.9678

Addie Joss has the distinction of having the lowest WHIP among pitchers who have thrown at least 1,000 innings. His remarkable ability to reduce walks and batters being hit allowed him to maintain this record for a long time.

Jeff Reardon – 1.000

Jeff Reardon had one of the most successful baseball careers of all time, leading to several wins during his career. His low WHIP reveals how he was able to dominate in the field.

Goose Gossage – 1.050

Goose Gossage’s record-breaking strikeout rate, paired with an extremely low walk rate, makes him one of the most effective pitchers in terms of keeping runs off the scoreboard. He set records for many decades and continues to be among the best MLB-ever closers.


What does WHIP mean in baseball? You have likely learned a lot of useful details about WHIP from this article.

WHIP is just one of numerous baseball statistics; it measures the number of walks and hits per inning pitched. It is among the most reliable indicators of the performance of a pitcher. When comparing, a lower WHIP is better than a high one.

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